A denture is a removable appliance that replaces missing teeth and the surrounding tissues. Depending upon factors like the number of teeth in your mouth, bone density, quality of the adjacent teeth, etc., we may recommend you either of the following types of dentures.
1 Conventional dentures
There are two types of conventional dentures: Complete and Partial dentures
Complete denture – A complete denture can be an upper or lower denture, replacing all the teeth in the upper or the lower jaw respectively. It takes support from the gums, ridge, and surrounding tissues. An upper complete denture covers the roof or palate and a lower denture is horse-shoe shaped to accommodate the tongue.
Partial denture – If healthy, stable teeth are still present in the arch, then missing teeth may be replaced by a partial denture. A partial denture has a metal frame and has stops and clasps to support and anchor the denture on existing natural teeth. Denture teeth are attached to this framework using pink acrylic.
2 Immediate denture
Immediate dentures are placed in the mouth immediately after tooth extraction. Unlike the conventional dentures, where impressions are taken and a denture is made of already missing teeth, in the case of the immediate denture an impression is made of your arch before teeth are extracted and a denture is ready on the same day your tooth is removed. Immediate dentures may require reshaping or be relining a few weeks or months later.
Overdentures are dentures that are supported by dental implants or natural teeth. The advantages of overdentures include:
- Patients feel more comfortable during chewing, speaking, etc. while using an overdenture due to its tight fit.
- If there is an insufficient amount of bone available to support conventional dentures, then implant supported overdentures are a great treatment option.
- You don’t need to use denture adhesives with an implant-supported denture. An implant supported denture gets its retention and stability from the implants that are firmly secured within the jaw bone.
- The proper fit of an implant-supported denture ensures the stability of denture during various oral movements. There are fewer chances to develop boils on gums or tongue and other signs that usually occur due to an ill-fitting denture.
What are the steps involved in the fabrication of a denture?
In the case of conventional dentures, we start the process by taking impressions only after the extraction sites have healed. But for an immediate denture, an impression is taken and the fabrication of the denture are done before teeth are extracted.
A denture is fabricated in a dental laboratory. However, many clinical steps are involved in the whole process. It usually takes 4-6 weeks to fabricate a set of complete dentures. Step include impression taking, recording the bite and shade of teeth, trial of the dentures with denture teeth set up in wax, and the final delivery of the dentures.
Post-care instructions for denture wearers
- It is important that you clean the dentures regularly just like you brush your teeth. You can use commercially available cleaning solutions or gels to remove the food debris and plaque attached to your dentures.
- Your mouth should be without dentures at least for six hours in a day. The best way to ensure this is to sleep without dentures. You can keep the dentures in a cleansing solution or in a denture box overnight.
- It is quite common to feel mild discomfort during the first few weeks. Adjusting to dentures takes time and requires patience. New denture wearers can have drooling of saliva or dislodgement of denture while speaking.
- Start with smaller portions of soft food. Practice speaking slowly with the dentures. These steps help to get accustomed to the denture in the early phase.
- Dryness of mouth is a common complaint in denture wearers. It is important that you consume sufficient amount of water.
- You can use dental adhesives in the initial stages if you are not comfortable with the fit of the denture.
- The retention of the upper denture is usually better than the lower denture. The lower denture may get dislodged during speaking or eating. It is a common scenario that will resolve as soon as the tongue and other facial muscles get used to the presence of the denture
- A few visits to our dental clinic may be required for adjustments. If the use of denture causes soreness of gums, boils on a tongue, etc., you should contact us.
We offer a variety of other tooth replacement options like dental bridges and implants. If you are looking for alternative solutions for dentures, please feel free to contact us.