Root Canal Therapy
We offer a broad range of advanced restorative treatment options to our patients, including root canal therapy. Root canal treatment, also known as RCT or endodontic therapy is a virtually painless procedure that is done to save a tooth.
A tooth has three layers:
- Enamel – It is the outer, mineralized covering of the tooth.
- Dentin – It is the second layer present between enamel and pulp. It is composed of bundles of tubules, like a bunch of tunnels extending from the enamel to the pulp.
- Pulp – It is the core layer having blood vessels and nerve.
When do you need root canal treatment?
When dental caries extends past the enamel and dentin layers, the bacteria can infect the dental pulp. You may notice either of these signs and symptoms:
- Severe pain that is localized or spreads to other areas of the face and head.
- Pain that worsens at night or while taking hot foods.
- Swelling in the outer part of the face or a gum boil near the decayed tooth. Apart from this, endodontic therapy may be indicated in the following situations:
- Tooth fracture or broken tooth such that inner layer of the tooth (pulp) gets exposed and infected.
- Gum diseases may also indirectly lead to the infection of the dental pulp, necessitating root canal treatment.
- Sometimes the repetitive deep dental fillings may affect the pulp, and you may be advised to get root canal treatment.
There is a myriad of clinical conditions that may warrant root canal therapy. We will diagnose the condition and advise the best treatment protocol for you. Many people get apprehensive and fear that root canal therapy will be painful. However, this dental treatment is done to relieve the pain and restore the functions of the tooth.
What are the steps involved in root canal therapy?
Your dentist will first take X-rays and carry out few clinical test like a vitality test check to see if the pulp is alive or dead.
There are three basic steps in root canal treatment:
- Gaining access – Depending on the clinical situation, your dentist may anesthetize the tooth and surrounding tissues. First, the dentist drills the tooth to gain the access to the pulp layer.
- Cleaning and shaping – Your dentist will then remove the inflamed/infected pulp tissue using files and other special instruments. Also, he/she will flush out the debris and the dead tissue with the help of disinfecting liquids.
- Filling – Your dentist may seal the root canal on the same day with an artificial, biocompatible material called gutta-percha. This method is single sitting root canal therapy. However, a few more appointments may be needed if there is a presence of an infection. In such a case, your dentist will put a medicated dressing in the root canals to promote the healing process between appointments.
After root canal therapy, your dentist will restore the cavity in your tooth with a dental filling. If the tooth is or heaving filled, it may need a crown. The crown will reinforce the strength and restore the functions of the tooth.
The effect of local anesthesia remains for few hours after the injection, and you may feel the numbness for some time. If the tooth has large filling, you should avoid chewing or eating from the side of the mouth in which the root canal therapy has been done until a dental crown is placed. It is quite normal to experience a mild degree of discomfort in the root canal treated tooth for initial few days. The bone and the surrounding tissues take some time to heal. However, it usually does not require anything more than analgesic medicines (painkillers). You can rest assured as we will give you the post-care instructions at every appointment.
What are the advantages of root canal therapy?
- This treatment will resolve pain, swelling, and discomfort that may be present due to the infection of the dental pulp.
- Root canal therapy saves the tooth from extraction. It is a cost-effective procedure as compared to the replacement of the extracted tooth with an artificial option.
- This treatment modality has a high success rate.
Save your pearly whites and give yourself a beautiful smile by exploring the benefits of root canal therapy.