You may hesitate to smile if you have discolored teeth, gaps between teeth, or crooked or chipped teeth. Dental bonding can correct such dental problems at an affordable price.
In this treatment, your dentist will camouflage the cosmetic problems with a filling material called composite resin. Composite resin is a plastic, tooth-colored material that can be bonded to the tooth surface. Hence, this treatment is also called as tooth bonding.
What are the indications for dental bonding?
Dental bonding can be used for minor cosmetic corrections or repairs. It is a quick and easy alternative to porcelain veneers. The following are some indications for dental bonding:
Gaps between teeth
Your dentist will apply composite to the tooth surface and blend it to increase the size of your tooth. Dental bonding can be done to close the gaps between your front teeth.
Stains due to dental fluorosis and tetracycline stains cannot be treated with teeth whitening. However, composites can be bonded to the tooth surface for cosmetic results in such clinical situations.
Chipped or malformed teeth
Dental bonding can correct the conditions like cracks on teeth, chipped tooth surfaces, or oddly shaped teeth. Sometimes genetics or environmental factors may affect the size and shape of your teeth. Your tooth may be small in size or have an abnormal shape. Composite build-ups can mask these abnormalities, and give you a picture-perfect smile.
Sensitivity of teeth
The loss of the outer protective covering of the tooth called enamel results in tooth sensitivity. Composite can be applied to replace the dental enamel in the treatment of tooth sensitivity.
What is the procedure for dental bonding?
It is a simple process that can be completed within one appointment. Your dentist will first carry out a thorough clinical examination to confirm that you are a suitable candidate for tooth bonding.
Your dentist will then clean the teeth and surrounding tissues with a special paste. This prophylactic procedure eliminates dental plaque and debris that may affect the bond.
The next step includes roughening the tooth surface, etching it with a chemical and bonding composite resin in increments. Initially, you may feel that your teeth do not meet properly on biting. Your dentist will check the occlusion, remove the excess material, and polish the dental bonding.
How to take care of your bonded teeth?
- Brush and floss your teeth regularly. You can add a mouthwash to your daily oral hygiene regimen.
- You should avoid colored foods and beverages as they may stain bonded teeth.
- Avoid chewing hard foods like raw carrots, hard candies, etc.
- You should not use your bonded teeth as tools to open bottle caps, holding pencils or other objects. Moreover, you should not bite your nails with bonded teeth. These habits can cause cracks or fracture of the bonded restoration.
What are the advantages of dental bonding?
- Dental bonding is less expensive as compared to porcelain veneers.
- It is a conservative procedure that involves minimal tooth preparation.
- Unlike porcelain veneers, dental bonding can be completed in one sitting. Tooth bonding does not involve any laboratory procedures. So, the overall treatment time and costs are reduced.
What are the disadvantages of dental bonding?
Although you can get instant results with dental bonding, it has few limitations. These include:
- Dental bonding can get stained after few years. The consumption of colored foods and drinks like wine, coffee, tea, etc. can cause discoloration of composite bonding.
- Tooth bonding requires frequent replacement as compared to porcelain veneers. Even after proper maintenance and care, you may need to replace the direct composite restoration due to the discoloration or wear.
- Bonded restorations have less strength as compared to ceramic. Porcelain veneers are more durable than tooth bonding. The surfaces of dental bonding may get chipped due to the forces during chewing or grinding.
Thus, dental bonding has pros and cons. There are other alternative treatments to tooth bonding. You may have an option of either a dental crown, porcelain veneer, and other aesthetic enhancement procedures. The choice usually depends on budget and comfort. We always understand the requirements of our patients and recommend treatment according to their clinical situation. If you want to know more about dental bonding or require any guidance for choosing the right cosmetic dental treatment, please call us today to schedule your appointment.